The 5 Pillars Of Islam


When it comes to articulation of the precepts of faith, there is a difference between Sunnis and Shi’as. That which count to be the pillars of faith are the testimony of faith and four other primary practices of worship (prayers (salaah), alms tax (zakat), fasting (sawm), pilgrimage (Hajj), whereas Shi’a scholars have tried to keep the doctrinal aspect (usul al-din) separate from religious practice (furu’ al-din) or those aspects that derive from the principles of religion. Thus, 'principles of religion' is the belief in the unity of God, prophethood, and resurrection. In addition to these three the Shi’a believe in the divine justice (‘adl) and Imamate.

From these, branch out various practices, ten in total, which are termed ‘branches of religion’ and include: prayer, fasting, pilgrimage, alms, khums tax, striving in the way of God, enjoining the good, prohibiting the bad, befriending the friends of God and disassociation from the enemies of God.